The purpose of this study was to compare electroretinographic (ERG) responses of preterm schoolchildren, with and without a history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with those of full-term schoolchildren by using the RETeval device.

The conclusion of the study is that prematurely born schoolchildren exhibit longer implicit time of the 30-Hz flicker ERG response compared to controls, suggesting a possible abnormality of the retinal cone system function. Under such circumstances, portable ERG device might be used clinically as a screening tool for retinal function evaluation in prematurely born children.